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[Project Number: 2016-1-HR01-KA201-022159]


Title of Activity
And the mountains echoed


Description of educational activity
Duration: 90 minutes
Pupils’ age: 15-19
Organization of the class of pupils: group work

The aim of the lesson: The aim of the activity is to develop reading literacy of pupils, to support their reading skills, to use their competencies to analyse and compare source texts, to reinforce their language skills when verbalizing their findings, to develop their vocabulary. The ability to present their findings, their opinions and the ability to accept opinions of the other members of the group are important here.

The aim of the activity is to be able to understand the chosen excerpts from the book, to understand the nature and depth of the excerpts from the book. To be able to find connections between the book and the real world. To be able to analyse and accept multicultural differences between the countries. One of the aims is to improve the analytical thinking of our students and to support the tolerance of other cultures and nations.


Support materials: The excerpts which show a personality of characters or socio-political situation are appropriate. Because the story takes place in Afghanistan, a few questions about a current situation in the country can be prepared. It is advisable to prepare some information about the author of the book.


  1. First excerpt: page 38 - 48

(Abdullah had never been to Kabul.(...) You´ve not seen the likes of it, you two.)

  1. Second excerpt: 1-18

(So, then. You want a story and I will tell you one. (...) We ´ll say our good-byes in the morning.)

  1. Third excerpt: 50 - 51

(Mrs. Wahdati looked down at Abdullah.(...) Her face shining with happiness.)


The second excerpt can be shortened, and some of the less important parts can be cut out. It depends on the lengths of time the teachers have for this activity.



  1. The author and the book are introduced. The texts are handed out.
  2. The first excerpt is read out loud.
  3. The students compare the social classes mentioned in the text. They should describe the differences. Compare their living conditions. The aim is to work out characteristics of the characters mentioned in the excerpts. They have to find key words which characterise the characters and to think about relationships between them and define them.
  4. The students should write down as many adjectives as they can describe Mr. Wahdati, Mrs. Wahdati and Nab. Their task is to describe the behaviour of Pari and Abdullah. They explain what was unusual about the photo of Mrs. Wahdati and the man? How did they feel when Mrs. Wahdati visited them 2 years ago?
  5. The following task is to read the second excerpt and complete an internal monologue of Abdullah. The students are divided into groups and they work in teams. What did he think about Mrs. Wahdati?
  6. After working with the second excerpt each group presents their outputs.
  7. Each student gets the third excerpt and they read this introduction story. After reading the story the task of the students is to find connection between this story and the first excerpt. They have to find out why Abdullah was upset with Mrs. Wahdati.
  8. After reading and finding the reasons the students again work in groups and each group gets a poster with a hat. Their task is to analyse the excerpt from different points of views. Each group is given a different task, A0 piece of paper and colourful markers. The results of their findings are written down on the pieces of paper: There are six different hats, each hat has its role. The method of six thinking hats is used.
    The White Hat calls for information known or needed. "The facts, just the facts." The Yellow Hat symbolizes brightness and optimism. Under this hat you explore the positives and probe for value and benefit.

The Black Hat is judgment - the devil's advocate or why something may not work. Spot the difficulties and dangers; where things might go wrong. Probably the most powerful and useful of the Hats but a problem if overused.

The Red Hat signifies feelings, hunches and intuition. When using this hat you can express emotions and feelings and share fears, likes, dislikes, loves, and hates.

The Green Hat focuses on creativity; the possibilities, alternatives, and new ideas. It's an opportunity to express new concepts and new perceptions.

The Blue Hat is used to manage the thinking process. It's the control mechanism that ensures the Six Thinking Hats® guidelines are observed

  1. After the time limit the individual groups present their results. Students can ask the present group questions or they can add some information. In the end a teachers sums up all the findings.


Connection to curriculum

Grade: 3rd and 4th grade of bilingual studies

Bilingual curriculum: The study of literature is focused during their third and fourth year on reading comprehension of literary texts which are more serious and are dealing with deeper ideas, e.g. multiculturalism, intolerance, differences between social classes. The students should be able to understand the influence of the author´s cultural background on the story. The aim of the curriculum is to teach students to work with the text, to analyse the texts and to understand the importance of the cultural and historical backgrounds. Understanding texts, weighing their merits, and utilizing the information they offer are skills that teenagers draw on throughout the curriculum.



  • Students make judgments and decisions
  • Students compare and contrast
  • Students understand a text being read.
  • Students find characters in the text and they differentiate supporting characters from the main character.
  • After reading the excerpts they can identify the main characteristics of the characters.
  • They preview and predict
  • They identify the topic of the excerpts.
  • They select information.



  • Students offer observations, make connections, speculate, interpret, and raise questions in response to texts
  • Students analyse texts.
  • They work with different sources of information.
  • They search for and classify information.
  • They can identify and interpret correctly the feelings of the characters in the books
  • They can put the particular excerpts in the correct order according to some links.
  • They are able to work in groups.
  • They can create a characteristic of a character based on the excerpts.
  • They can complete the tasks successfully



  • They can compare experiences of characters across cultures
  • They can identify and interpret correctly the feelings of the characters in the books
  • They can make a descriptive writing
  • They can make a personal narrative
  • They are able to work in groups and individually, too.
  • They can accept other members of the group
  • They  accept and understand the cultural differences between the nations and cultures
  • They can understand the emotions of the characters, they are emphatic.


Bibliographic reference to be used during the activity
Khaled Hosseini

And the mountains echoed

The Publisher: Bloomsbury

ISBN: 9781408850053

Page count: 480

Year of issue: 2014

Digital sources

A number of adaptations were created following publication.



The expected outcomes of the lesson are:

  • The students will be able to understand through different cultures, they will be able to compare cultures, cultural elements, traditions and hence they will be able to understand the text from different perspectives.
  • The ability to develop demonstrations will be enhanced.
  • To connect ideas and themes across texts.
  • To offer observations, make connections, speculate, interpret, and raise questions in response to the excerpts.



Both the teaching method and the text can help in increasing students’ interest in reading. This text promotes more characters but from a different cultures and they belong to different social classes.
The teacher monitors the students so as to make sure they cooperate effectively.
The volume of given fragments of books can be adapted to the
potential of a group - fragments can be shorter - by cutting less important paragraphs, or be expanded to additional fragments of the same novel.

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